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Table 2 Mean values of the physicochemical properties of locally classified soils in studied districts of Wolaita zone, southern Ethiopia

From: Farmers’ soil knowledge, fertility management logic and its linkage with scientifically analyzed soil properties in southern Ethiopia

Parameters Farmers soil types
Arrada bita Kereta bita Chere bita Talla bita Gobo bita Zo’o bita Lada bita
Sand (%) 15.1 17.4 14.7 13.5 11.5 9.7 14.1
Silt (%) 40.0 47.2 40.5 36.1 22.4 19.2 30.7
Clay (%) 44.9 35.4 44.8 50.4 66.1 71.1 55.2
Textural class Silty clay Silty clay loam Silty clay Clay Clay Clay Clay
Bulk density (g cm−3) 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
pH-H2O 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.2 5.9 5.6 6.0
OC (%) 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.6 2.2 2.2 1.7
TN (%) 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
P (mg kg−1) 21.0 7.6 7.3 5.3 5.7 3.0 3.3
Ca (Cmolc kg−1) 9.9 8.7 7.8 8.9 6.5 5.5 6.3
K (Cmolc kg−1) 1.9 1.0 0.6 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.9
Mg (Cmolc kg−1) 2.2 1.6 1.6 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.7
S (mg kg−1) 10.4 10.5 10.0 9.9 11.5 13.5 10.8
B (mg kg−1) 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Cu (mg kg−1) 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4
Fe (mg kg−1) 121.1 140.5 234.7 134.9 114.7 106.6 118.3
Mn (mg kg−1) 159.7 125.9 89.9 141.6 157.0 137.5 136.4
MnAI (mg kg−1) 602.7 480.0 351.2 538.1 601.2 532.4 522.5
Zn (mg kg−1) 13.3 9.8 4.1 6.5 7.8 5.8 6.3
TEB (Cmolc kg−1) 14.7 12.1 10.8 13.2 10.3 8.9 9.7
CEC (Cmolc kg−1) 23.0 19.6 17.8 22.1 20.3 19.6 19.1