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Table 3 Description of LU-LC classes used for the study

From: The implications of land use and land cover changes for rural household food insecurity in the Northeastern highlands of Ethiopia: the case of the Teleyayen sub-watershed

LU-LC classes


Water body

The part of the earth’s surface covered with water such as a river or a stream

Forest land

Land containing or covered by trees forming closed or nearly closed canopies

Shrub land

Land covered by small trees and bushes in which shrubs are the dominant vegetation

Grass land

Land covered with grasses and other soft plants but not with bushes and trees

Crop land and rural settlement

Land on which mainly food crops are grown on areas allotted to rain-fed and/or irrigated cultivation and rural settlements

Bare land

Areas that have little or no vegetation cover, mainly with classic gullies and exposed rocks

Built-up area

Any land on which buildings are present, normally as part of a larger developed environment such as developed land lot and urban area