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Table 2 Mean (±SE) germination, moisture content and fungal incidence levels of sorghum seeds sourced and stored under different farmer-led practices

From: Do smallholder farmer-led seed systems have the capacity to supply good-quality, fungal-free sorghum seed?

Seed source and storage Germination (%) Moisture (%) Percentage (%) incidence levels
A. flavus A. niger C. lunata Fusarium Penicilium
Other farmers
 Sacks 83 ± 1.85 9.65 ± 0.06 12.8b 17.9 cd 4.8abc 7.9c 4.8a
 Kitchen 84 ± 1.64 10.2 ± 0.03 11.4b 15.2bcd 13.1 cd 6c 0
 Granary 92 ± 0.41 10.7 ± 0.25 3.6a 25.6ef1 0a 0a 0
 Plastics 85 ± 1.68 9 ± 0.03 2.4a 12.8bc 16.8d 2.4ab 0.4b
Relatives
 Sacks 64 ± 4.49 9.2 ± 0.04 19.45c 32.15f1 5.95abc 0.4a 0
 Plastics 45 ± 3.24 13.3 ± 0.32 3.8a 2.4a 17.6d 7.2c 0
Government
 Sacks 79 ± 2.75 11 ± 0.17 11.8b 16bcd 4.55abc 3.4b 0
NGOs
 Sacks 85 ± 0.59 9.3 ± 0.19 4.8a 99.2 h1 1.6ab 1.6a 0
 Kitchen 10 ± 0.10 28.8d1 23.2de 10.4bcd 0.8a 0
 Granary 80 ± 0.81 11.6 ± 0.16 28.8d1 60.4g1 4abc 0.4a 0
Local market
 Sacks 93 ± 1.45 11 ± 0.21 21.6c 8.8ab 4.8abc 0a 0
 Granary 2.4a 32f1 4abc 0a 0
LSD (p ≤ 0.05)   4.4 8.4 10.4 2.6 2.6  
  1. LSD (least significant difference) calculates the smallest significant difference between two means enabling direct comparisons between two means from two individual groups. Means followed by the same letter (in columns) are not significantly different at 95% confidence interval. Formal seed certification sorghum standards for Zimbabwe, germination 80% and moisture content 12.5%
  2. 1Percentage incidence greater than 25%