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Table 14 Advantages and disadvantages of in-container processing and bulk processing [81]

From: A review on mechanisms and commercial aspects of food preservation and processing

In-container processing Bulk processing
Advantages Limitations Advantages Limitations
Applicable to all solid and liquid food Complex materials handling Simple materials handling Only suitable for pumpable foods
Minimal risk of post-processing contamination Little flexibility in choice of container Greater flexibility in choice of container Aseptic filling of containers required potential post-processing contamination
Major development needed for high-pressure processing Greater dead time in use of pressure vessel Maximum efficiency in use of high-pressure vessel volume All pressure components in contact with food must have aseptic food design and be suitable for cleaning in place and sterilizing in place
Easier cleaning Minimum vessel dead time (no opening/closing of vessel needed, faster loading/unloading)