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Table 1 Classification of foods based on functions and nutrients [13]

From: A review on mechanisms and commercial aspects of food preservation and processing




 Body building and repairing foods

Milk, meat, fish, pulses, vegetables, and nuts

 Energy-giving foods

Oil, butter, sugar, cereals, dry fruits, and starch foods

 Regulatory foods

Water, raw vegetables, citrus fruits, and beverages

 Protective foods

Milk, whole grain cereals, meat, vegetables, and fruits


 Carbohydrate-rich foods

Rice, wheat, and starchy vegetables

 Protein-rich foods

Milk, meat, fish, egg, and nuts

 Fat-rich foods

Oils, butter, and egg yolk

 Vitamin- and mineral-rich foods

Fruits and vegetables