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Table 2 A socio-economic comparison of CA and non-CA farmers

From: The impact of adoption of conservation agriculture on smallholder farmers’ food security in semi-arid zones of southern Africa

Country Zimbabwe Malawi Mozambique
Non-CA CA T test (Pr(T > t)) Non-CA CA T test (Pr(T > t)) Non-CA CA T test (Pr(T > t))
Food Consumption Score 35.16 33.06 0.086 36.42 36.60 0.527 35.94 39.21 0.088
Head age (years) 51.63 52.19 0.647 42.29 44.19 0.740 46.06 45.04 0.337
Gender (prop. male) 0.71 0.72 0.631 0.85 0.88 0.640 0.91 0.85 0.094
Household size 5.89 5.90 0.506 5.18 4.88 0.237 7.23 8.38 0.973
Draft cattle 1.39 1.21 0.128 0.02 0.00 0.354 0.58 1.52 0.997
Mobile phone (prop.) 0.15 0.16 0.567 0.17 0.13 0.300 0.11 0.31 0.998
Ox-plough (prop.) 0.86 0.82 0.248 0.02 0.00 0.353 0.05 0.09 0.832
Arable land (acres) 8.92 7.65 0.005 2.64 2.78 0.655 4.05 4.05 0.503
Cultivated land (acres) 6.08 5.16 0.009 2.43 2.64 0.712 3.23 2.49 0.026
Crop income (Usd) 124.60 114.32 0.353 75.10 83.99 0.571 66.80 125.83 0.956
  1. Food consumption profiles as given in [36, 37] and considered in this study are as follows: 0–21 is given as poor; 21.5–35 is given as borderline consumption; and >35 is given as acceptable consumption. Average Food Consumption Scores in the study sites ranged between 33.06 and 39.21, which can be classified as borderline to acceptable levels