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Table 2 Variable description and hypothesis for the impact of the independent variables on dependent variables

From: Smallholder farmers’ adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Explanatory variables Description Expected sign
Sex Dummy, 1 = male, 0 = female ±
Age Continuous (years) ±
Education Continuous (years) +
Household size Continuous (number) ±
Farming experience Continuous (years) ±
Farm size Continuous (hectare) +
Total annual income Continuous (ETB) +
Access to market Dummy, 1 = yes, 0 = no +
Access to climate information Dummy, 1 = yes, 0 = no +
Access to extension Dummy, 1 = yes, 0 = no +
Livestock ownership Continuous, Tropical livestock unit (TLU) +