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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariable analysis on factors associated with household food insecurity

From: Household food insecurity and associated factors among households in Wolaita Sodo town, 2015

Variable (n = 609) Food security status COR (CI) AOR (CI)
Insecure Secure
Sex of HH     
 Female 79 42 4.24 (2.78,6.45) 1.30 (0.39,4.28)
 Male 150 338 1 1
Age of HH     
 20–40 89 197 1 1
 41–64 114 173 1.45 (1.03,2.05) 0.14 (0.01,1.28)
 65 and above 26 10 5.75 (2.66,12.44) 0.73 (0.09,5.76)
Family size     
 1–3 34 32 1 1
 4, 6 149 53 0.55 (0.33,0.94) 0.77 (0.34,1.74)
 7 and above 46 95 0.45 (0.25,0.82) 0.93 (0.37,2.35)
Marital status     
 Singles 86 44 4.59 (3.0,6.93) 4.06 (1.24,13.27)*
 Married 143 336 1 1
Dependent     
 >2 members 83 104 1.51 (1.06,2.14) 3.08 (1.33,7.13)**
 ≤2 members 146 276 1 1
Occupation     
 Pension 43 10 19.92 (9.45,41.96) 5.27 (1.49,18.58)*
 Daily wage 108 7 71.46 (31.6,161.64) 16.0 (4.57,56.03)**
 Gov/NGO employed 21 99 0.98 (0.57,1.71) 5.26 (2.05,13.47)**
 Self-employed 57 264 1 1
Education     
 No formal education 102 82 2.92 (2.04,4.17) 1.33 (0.76,2.32)
 Formal education 127 298 1 1
Monthly income     
 ≤1000 birr 169 15 1 1
 1001, 1900 birr 49 68 0.064 (0.034,0.122) 0.15 (0.049,0.449)**
 ≥1901 birr 11 297 0.003 (0.001,0.007) 0.01 (0.003,0.051)**
Food expenditure     
 ≤700 159 17 211.7 (96.6,463.74) 10.56 (2.61,42.71)**
 701–1200 59 69 19.3 (9.77,40.13) 5.83 (2.20,15.42)**
 ≥1201 11 249 1 1
House ownership     
 Rent house 150 115 4.38 (3.09,6.21) 1.04 (0.48,2.23)
 Private owner 79 265 1 1
  1. P value <0.05* significantly associated, P value <0.01** strongly statistically significant