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Table 4 Animal source food consumption, by livestock ownership status and village cluster

From: Livestock ownership, animal source foods and child nutritional outcomes in seven rural village clusters in Sub-Saharan Africa

Animal source food (ASF) Livestock group Livestock ownership status (Yes/No)
Millennium Villages Cluster
Bonsaaso, Ghana Pampaida, Nigeria Potou, Senegal Tiby, Mali Mayange, Rwanda Mwandama, Malawi Ruhiira, Uganda
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
Beef Cattle NA 33 86 86 75 74 68 60 68 54* NA 19 68 68
Milk/milk products Cattle NA 33 73 60** 100 98 92 80* 63 44** NA 27 53 35**
Sheep/goat meat Small ruminants 46 28* 71 77 64 48* 82 88 32 34 86 74* 61 56
Poultry meat Poultry 56 56 73 81 66 74 61 55 34 21** 79 70 45 19***
Eggs Poultry 87 86 72 75 85 84 13 5 31 20 88 73** 36 26
Pork Pigs NA 15 NA NA NA NA NA NA 33 8* 44 48 50 31**
  1. Values depict the proportion of households that consumed a particular animal source food (ASF) in the last 30 days, stratified by livestock ownership status. Only those ASF that were derived from each livestock group were compared. Proportions that differed significantly (Chi-square test) are indicated with asterisks
  2. NA not applicable (livestock group not owned/ASF not consumed or not included in questionnaire)
  3. P < 0.1; ** P < 0.05; *** P < 0.001