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Table 1 Household demographic characteristics and food security status by village cluster

From: Livestock ownership, animal source foods and child nutritional outcomes in seven rural village clusters in Sub-Saharan Africa

Characteristic Millennium Villages Cluster
Bonsaaso, Ghana Pampaida, Nigeria Potou, Senegal Tiby, Mali Mayange, Rwanda Mwandama, Malawi Ruhiira, Uganda
No. of households 169 267 274 213 234 245 222
No. of children 145 325 293 210 142 174 254
Household characteristics
 Household size, median (IQR) 6 (3) 7 (4) 9 (7) 13 (12) 5 (2) 5 (3) 5 (3)
 Female head of household, no. (%) 40 (24) 2 (1) 35 (13) 1 (0) 58 (25) 84 (34) 65 (29)
 Household head education level, no. (%)
  No formal education 73 (43) 212 (79) 270 (99) 210 (99) 148 (63) 151 (62) 163 (73)
  Primary school 31 (18) 45 (17) 3 (1) 1 (0) 63 (27) 45 (18) 41 (18)
  Lower secondary school 58 (34) 7 (3) 0 1 (0) 8 (3) 40 (16) 7 (3)
  Upper secondary school or higher 7 (4) 3 (1) 1 (0) 1 (0) 15 (6) 9 (4) 11 (5)
Food insecurity
 ≥1 month of food insecurity, no. (%) 115 (68) 157 (59) 140 (51) 69 (32) 77 (33) 102 (42) 109 (49)
 No. months of food insecurity, median (range) 2 (0–12) 1 (0–6) 1 (0–8) 0 (0–6) 0 (0–12) 0 (0–7) 0 (0–12)
Child anthropometry
 Mean Z score (SD)
  Height-for-age −1.40 (1.6) −1.66 (2.12) −1.02 (1.83) −1.49 (1.81) −1.25 (1.58) −1.70 (1.47) −1.81 (1.68)
  Weight-for-age −1.13 (1.24) −1.01 (1.81) −0.78 (1.30) −1.08 (1.32) −0.73 (1.48) −0.76 (1.14) −0.80 (1.26)
  Weight-for-height −0.28 (1.10) −0.24 (1.27) −0.40 (1.45) −0.26 (1.25) −0.09 (1.21) 0.34 (1.08) 0.42 (1.01)
 Malnourished children, no. (%)
  Stunted 54 (38) 129 (47) 75 (29) 80 (40) 45 (32) 72 (42) 124 (50)
  Underweight 27 (19) 56 (26) 46 (17) 51 (25) 22 (15) 17 (10) 36 (14)
  Wasted 3 (2) 17 (8) 33 (11) 11 (5) 6 (4) 2 (1) 1 (0)
  1. No. number, IQR interquartile range, SD standard deviation