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Table 5 Frequency of themes discussed by farmers in PPB discussion groups conducted in 2012, Northern Province, Rwanda

From: Farmer knowledge identifies a competitive bean ideotype for maize–bean intercrop systems in Rwanda

Thematic categories Themes Sole crop (SC) Intercrop (IC) Total SC + IC
Women Men Total Women Men Total
Yield Yield 35 23 58 43 27 70 128
Plant traits Plant architecture 6 8 14 23 7 30 44
Maturity 15 4 19 12 9 21 40
Pest and disease 8 6 14 9 7 16 30
Total 29 18 47 44 23 67 114
Adaptive qualities Competition 3 1 4 20 8 28 32
Adaptation 15 11 26 17 10 27 53
Total 18 12 30 33 18 55 85
Nutritional and cooking quality Nutrient qualities 11 3 14 5 4 9 23
Cooking qualities 18 10 28 15 5 20 48
Total 29 13 42 20 9 29 71
Market and labor attributes Market 13 11 24 11 5 16 40
Labor and stakes 6 1 7 9 1 10 17
Total 19 12 31 20 6 26 57
Other Life-span 5 5 10 6 4 10 20
Information 4 0 4 5 4 9 13
Aesthetic 1 1 2 2 0 2 4
Total 10 6 16 13 8 21 37
Total 140 84 224 177 91 268 492
  1. Absolute values reported here are based on thematic coding of recorded discussion groups. There were 16 men and 43 women participants (n = 59)