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Table 2 Environment types of paddy fields in each area

From: Effects of surrounding crop and semi-natural vegetation on the plant diversity of paddy fields

  n Cugenang Karawang Karanganyar Brebes Malang Gresik
   33 33 33 33 33 33
Type of field (%)        
Simple 94 51.5 66.7 33.3 51.5 42.4 39.4
Complex 104 48.5 33.3 66.7 48.5 57.6 60.6
Mean distance of complex field to semi-natural vegetation (m)   46.3 ± 33.3 37.3 ± 22.3 39.1 ± 29.6 61.3 ± 38.4 40.3 ± 32.0 48.6 ± 37.2
Type of landscape (%)        
Monoculture 73 18.2 81.8 36.0 33.3 36.0 15.2
Multiple crop 125 81.8 18.2 64.0 66.7 64.0 84.8
Multiple crop: mean distance to other crops (m)   6.2 ± 9.3 5.7 ± 4.4 14.9 ± 11.1 19.1 ± 20.5 7.9 ± 8.0 4.2 ± 5.8
Type of bund (%)        
Simple 160 80.0 100 87.9 100 30.3 87.9
Complex 38 20.0 0 12.1 0 69.7 12.1
Mean bund width (cm)   74.5 ± 32.1 48.8 ± 22.6 48.6 ± 24.3 41.1 ± 10.1 53.3 ± 24.2 98.0 ± 62.8
Bund vegetation cover (%)   64.8 ± 27.0 26.0 ± 24.4 59.7 ± 29.4 32.4 ± 27.8 61.4 ± 29.8 65.5 ± 27.9