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Table 3 List of all underutilized edible plants encountered in the Chilga District, northwestern Ethiopia

From: Underutilized wild edible plants in the Chilga District, northwestern Ethiopia: focus on wild woody plants

Scientific name (Family) Vernacular name (Amh) Habit Habitat Added values PU MD Voucher number
Acanthus sennii Chiov. ( Acanthaceae) Kushashile SH BN, N,R FE, FU, FL F MT-001
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) . ( Balanitaceae) Kudekuda T N,R,F FE, FU,SC, F F MT-002
Boletus edulis Bull. Ex Fries. ( Bolentaceae) Enguday H F, N - ST P MT-003
Carissa Spinarum L. ( Apocynaceae) Agam SH N,R, FE, M, FU, FT F F MT-004
Corchorus olitorius L. ( Tiliaceae) Kudra H F FD, Rope L P MT-005
Cordia africana L. ( Boraginaceae) Wanza T H T,FU, FE, FU, SH, FD, M F F MT-006
Dichrostachys cinerea Wight & Am ( Fabaceae) andera S/ T N - F F MT-007
Dioscorea prahensilis Benth ( Dioscoreaceae) Senssa C N,R - R P MT-008
Diospyros abyssinica (Hiem) F. Wite ( Ebenaceae) Serkin T F,R FU,T,CO,SH, FE, F F MT-009
Diospyros mesiliformis Hochst ex.A.DC. ( Ebenaceae) Gurmacha T F,R T,FU,SH,CO,FE,SC F F MT-010
Dovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warburg. ( Flacourtiaceae) Koshim T N,R FU, FE, F F MT-011
Ficus sur Forssk. ( Moraceae) Shola T R,F,N CO,FE,SC,SH,FU F F MT-012
Ficus sycomorus L. ( Moraceae) Bamba T F,N,R,H CO,FE,SC,FD,SH, HB F F MT-013
Ficus vallis-choudae Del. ( Moraceae) Bambula T N FU, FE F F MT-014
Ficus vasta Forssk. ( Moraceae) Warka T N,R,F,H FU, CO, FE, SC, F F MT-015
Flueggea virosa Guill. & Perr. ( Euphorbiaceae) Shasha SH F,N,R FE, FU,CO,FU F F MT-016
Gardenia ternifolia Schumach and Thonn. ( Rubiaceae) Gambilo S/T F,N,R FD, FU, F F MT-017
Gloriosa superba (Liliaceae) Yemariam twa H/sh F FD, WASHING F F MT-018
Hibiscus cannabinus L. (Malvaceae) Yeberha Wayika H F FD F D MT-019
Hibiscus esculentus L. (Malvaceae) Wayika H F M, FD, L   MT-020
Maytenus senegalensis Forssk (Celastraceae) Koshikosh T N,F,R FE,FT, F F MT-021
Mimusops kummel Bruce ex A.DC. ( Sapotaceae) Ishe T R,F FE,FU,HB,CO, F F MT-022
Morusmeso zygia ( Moraceae) Injori C N, R - F F MT-023
Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims. ( Pittosporaceae) Dengay Seber S N,F, R FU F F MT-024
Rhus glutinosa A. Rich. subsp. Abyssinica (Oliv.) M. Gilnert ( Anacardiaceae) Qamo S N, R Fe, FU F F MT-025
Rosa abyssinica Lindley ( Rosaceae) Qega SH N FE,FU, F F MT-026
Saba comorensis (Bo).) Pichon ( Apocynaceae) Ashama C R CO, SH, F F MT-027
Sporobolus africanus (Poir) Robyns and Tournay ( Poaceae) Muriye H N,FLD,R FD S D MT--028
Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. ( Myrtaceae) Dokima T R,F M, FE, FU, SH, CO F F MT-019
Tamarindus indica L. ( Fabaceae) Kumer T R,N,F FE,FU,CO,SC S D MT-030
Ximenia americana L. ( Olacaceae) Enkoye Sh N FU,M F F MT-031
Ziziphus abyssinica Hoschst. ( Rhamnaceae) Abetere T F,N,R, Fu,Fe F F MT-032
Ziziphus spina-christi Willd. ( Rhamnaceae) Arka S/T N Fe,Fu, co,Fd,sc F F MT-033
  1. Key to abbreviations: Habit; Sh, shrub; T, tree; H, herb; C, climber; Habitat: N, natural forest; F, farmland; R; riverine and valley; H, home garden; Fld, field. BN, boundary; Added value: Fu, fuel wood; CH, charcoal; M, medicinal; CO, construction; Fe, fencing; SC, soil and water conservation; FD, fodder; Sh, shade; HB, production; T, timber; FT, farm and household tools. PU (Parts used): F, fruit; R, root; Fl, flower nectar; S, seed; W, whole part. Mode of utilization (MD): F, fresh; P, prepared/cooked; D, dried and prepared.