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Table 3 Correlation matrix of gross margins from different lowland agricultural land uses (1966 to 2010)

From: Landscape diversity and the resilience of agricultural returns: a portfolio analysis of land-use patterns and economic returns from lowland agriculture

  Wheat Barley Cereal (spring) Cereal (winter) Oilseed rape Linseed Field beans Potatoes Sugar beet Horticulture Maize Hay/silage Dairy Beef (improved grass) Beef (rough grass)
Barley 0.936               
Cereal (spring) 0.9505 0.932              
Cereal (winter) 0.9185 0.9425 0.9506             
Oilseed rape 0.8242 0.8066 0.7424 0.7951            
Linseed 0.7428 0.7732 0.6379 0.7508 0.7526           
Field beans 0.8999 0.8246 0.8326 0.8088 0.7635 0.747          
Potatoes 0.6426 0.606 0.6527 0.6372 0.53 0.492 0.4904         
Sugar beet 0.8655 0.8606 0.9082 0.8792 0.7031 0.596 0.6771 0.7173        
Horticulture 0.6557 0.5542 0.5362 0.4973 0.5218 0.5333 0.6155 0.7038 0.5189       
Maize 0.5836 0.5633 0.5426 0.5924 0.688 0.5578 0.4979 0.4676 0.6092 0.4165      
Hay/silage 0.5348 0.492 0.5732 0.4644 0.1288 0.1015 0.4386 0.3919 0.5394 0.4117 0.1069     
Dairy 0.0976 0.1426 0.2317 0.2339 0.0353 0.0248 −0.089 0.205 0.3094 −0.287 0.2202 −0.05    
Beef (improved grass) 0.6509 0.7132 0.7444 0.727 0.4715 0.4544 0.5685 0.2081 0.6135 0.1202 0.2643 0.421 0.2474   
Beef (rough grass) 0.2294 0.4179 0.3959 0.4754 0.1372 0.2179 0.1739 0.0444 0.3632 −0.166 0.0633 0.3017 0.3172 0.7103  
Sheep 0.7713 0.7692 0.7384 0.798 0.6818 0.7416 0.7971 0.314 0.6103 0.3431 0.4485 0.3141 0.0147 0.8028 0.475