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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of UK annual average GM per hectare (in 2010 prices) a,b

From: Landscape diversity and the resilience of agricultural returns: a portfolio analysis of land-use patterns and economic returns from lowland agriculture

Land use Proportion of land base across the three study regions, % Predicted GM, GBP/hectare/year StDev of predicted annual GMs across analysis period), GBP/hectare/year CV of GM, %
Wheat 19.2 £909 £338 0.37
Barley 10.3 £716 £260 0.36
Cereal spring 2.3 £703 £258 0.37
Cereal winter 4.8 £755 £268 0.36
Oilseed rape 6.7 £744 £339 0.46
Linseed 5.2 £280 £243 0.87
Field beans, peas 5.6 £668 £244 0.37
Potatoes 3.3 £2,020 £644 0.32
Sugar beet 2.7 £1,209 £462 0.38
Horticulture 1.7 £2,067 £707 0.34
Maize 1.1 £678 £173 0.26
Hay/silage 7.6 £336 £231 0.69
Dairy 10.7 £1,613 £542 0.34
Beef (improved) 9.3 £413 £182 0.44
Beef (rough) 9.2 £361 £180 0.50
Sheep 0.2 £448 £129 0.29
Mean weighted by investment proportion £815 316 0.44
  1. Abbreviations: CV, coefficient of variation; GM, gross margin; GBP, Great British pounds.
  2. aBased on historic forecast GMs for agricultural activities from 1966–2010
  3. bSource: John Nix Farm-Management Pocketbooks.